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Status

UNCITRAL Model Law on Electronic Commerce (1996)

 

This page is updated whenever the UNCITRAL Secretariat is informed of changes in enactment of the Model Law.

The UNCITRAL Secretariat also prepares yearly a document containing the Status of Conventions and Enactments of UNCITRAL Model Laws, which is available on the web page of the corresponding UNCITRAL Commission Session.

Legislation based on the Model Law has been adopted in the following jurisdictions:

State

 

Notes

Antigua and Barbuda 2006 (d)
Australia 2011 (e), (h)
Australian Capital Territory 2012 (e), (h)
New South Wales 2010 (e), (h)
Northern Territory 2011 (e), (h)
Queensland 2013 (e), (h)
South Australia 2011 (e), (h)
Tasmania 2010 (e), (h)
Victoria 2011 (e), (h)
Western Australia 2011 (e), (h)
Bahrain 2002  
Bangladesh 2006 (a), (d)
Barbados 2001  
Belize 2003  
Brunei Darussalam 2000  
Cabo Verde 2003  
Canada    
Alberta 2001 (b)
British Colombia 2001 (b)
Manitoba 2000 (b)
New Brunswick 2001 (b)
Newfoundland and Labrador 2001 (b)
Northwest Territories 2011 (b)
Nova Scotia 2000 (b)
Nunavut 2004 (b)
Ontario 2001 (b)
Prince Edward Island 2001 (b)
Quebec 2001 (d)
Saskatchewan 2000 (b)
Yukon 2000 (b)
China 2004  
Hong Kong, China 2000  
Macao, China 2005 (d), (h)
Colombia 1999 (a)
Dominica 2013 (e)
Dominican Republic 2002 (a)
Ecuador 2002 (a)
Fiji 2008  
France 2000  
Gambia 2009 (e)
Ghana 2008 (e)
Grenada 2008  
Guatemala 2008 (e)
India 2000 (a)
Iran (Islamic Republic of) 2004  
Ireland 2000  
Jamaica 2006  
Jordan 2001  
Kuwait 2014 (a), (d)
Lao People's Democratic Republic 2012 (a)
Liberia 2002 (a)
Malaysia 2006  
Mauritius 2000  
Mexico 2000  
New Zealand 2002  
Oman 2008 (a) 
Pakistan 2002  
Panama 2001 (a)
Paraguay 2010  
Philippines 2000  
Qatar 2010 (e)
Republic of Korea 1999  
Rwanda 2010 (e)
Saint Kitts and Nevis 2011 (e)
Saint Lucia 2011  
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 2007  
Samoa 2008  
San Marino 2013 (e)
Saudi Arabia 2007  
Seychelles 2001 (a)
Singapore 2010 (e), (h)
Slovenia 2000  
South Africa 2002 (a)
Sri Lanka 2006  
Syrian Arab Republic 2014 (a), (d) 
Thailand 2002  
Trinidad and Tobago 2011 (e)
United Arab Emirates 2006  
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland    
Bailiwick of Guernsey 2000 (f)
Bailiwick of Jersey 2000 (f)
Bermuda 1999 (g)
Cayman Islands 2000 (g)
Isle of Man 2000 (f)
Turks and Caicos Islands 2000 (g)
United States of America    
Alabama 2001 (c)
Alaska 2004 (c)
Arizona 2000 (c)
Arkansas 2001 (c)
California 1999 (c)
Colorado 2002 (c)
Connecticut 2002 (c)
Delaware 2000 (c)
District of Columbia 2001 (c)
Florida 2000 (c)
Georgia 2009 (c)
Hawaii 2000 (c)
Idaho 2000 (c)
Illinois 1998  
Indiana 2000 (c)
Iowa 2000 (c)
Kansas 2000 (c)
Kentucky 2000 (c)
Louisiana 2001 (c)
Maine 2000 (c)
Maryland 2000 (c)
Massachusetts 2003 (c)
Michigan 2000 (c)
Minnesota 2000 (c)
Mississippi 2001 (c)
Missouri 2003 (c)
Montana 2001 (c)
Nebraska 2000 (c)
Nevada 2001 (c)
New Hampshire 2001 (c)
New Jersey 2000 (c)
New Mexico 2001 (c)
North Carolina 2000 (c)
North Dakota 2001 (c)
Ohio 2000 (c)
Oklahoma 2000 (c)
Oregon 2001 (c)
Pennsylvania 1999 (c)
Rhode Island 2000 (c)
South Carolina 2004 (c)
South Dakota 2000 (c)
Tennessee 2001 (c)
Texas 2001 (c)
Utah 2000 (c)
Vermont 2003 (c)
Virginia 2000 (c)
West Virginia 2001 (c)
Wisconsin 2004 (c)
Wyoming 2001 (c)
Vanuatu 2000  
Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) 2001  
Viet Nam 2005 (e)
Zambia 2009 (e)

Legislation based on the Model Law has been adopted in 61 States in a total of 136 jurisdictions.

Notes

(a) Except for the provisions on certification and electronic signatures.

(b) The legislation enacts uniform legislation influenced by the Model Law and the principles on which it is based.
Uniform Electronic Commerce Act, adopted in 1999 by the Uniform Law Conference of Canada

(c) The legislation enacts uniform legislation influenced by the Model Law and the principles on which it is based.
Uniform Electronic Transactions Act, adopted in 1999 by the National Conference of Commissioners on Uniform State Law

(d) The legislation is influenced by the Model Law and the principles on which it is based.

(e) The legislation also includes substantive provisions of the United Nations Convention on the Use of Electronic Communications in International Contracts, the status of which can be found here.

(f) Crown Dependency of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.

(g) Overseas territory of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.

(h) The legislation amends previous legislation based on the Model Law.

 

Disclaimer: A model law is created as a suggested pattern for law-makers to consider adopting as part of their domestic legislation. Since States enacting legislation based upon a model law have the flexibility to depart from the text, the above list is only indicative of the enactments that were made known to the UNCITRAL Secretariat. The legislation of each State should be considered in order to identify the exact nature of any possible deviation from the model in the legislative text that was adopted. The year of enactment indicated above is the year the legislation was passed by the relevant legislative body, as indicated to the UNCITRAL Secretariat; it does not address the date of entry into force of that piece of legislation, the procedures for which vary from State to State, and could result in entry into force some time after enactment.